Git Usage

2019-11-08 08:00 CST

2020-01-27 22:16 CST

commit message

Angular Git Commit Guidelines

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commitizen

使用 commitizen 规范信息,需要 nodejs

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

int n = 0, q = 0;
string s;

vector<int> d[4];
int nex[100005][26] = {};
int dp[255][255][255] = {};

void prepare() {
  memset(dp, -1, sizeof(dp));
  for (int c = 0; c < 26; ++c) {
    nex[n][c] = nex[n + 1][c] = n;
  }
  for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
    for (int c = 0; c < 26; ++c) {
      nex[i][c] = nex[i + 1][c];
    }
    nex[i][s[i] - 'a'] = i;
  }
}
yarn global add commitizen
npm init --yes
ln -s /Users/username/node\_modules ./node\_modules
commitizen init cz-conventional-changelog --save --save-exact
git cz

配置后只需

ln -s /Users/username/node\_modules ./node\_modules
git cz

Github

  • push: git push -u origin my\_branch:remote\_branch
  • Pull Request
  • gitignore

Git command line

Git

  • g is short for git.

Branch

  • gb lists, creates, renames, and deletes branches.
  • gbc creates a new branch.
  • gbl lists branches and their commits. (also gbv)
  • gbL lists all local and remote branches and their commits.
  • gbr renames a branch. (also gbm)
  • gbR renames a branch even if the new branch name already exists. (also gbM)
  • gbs lists branches and their commits with ancestry graphs.
  • gbS lists local and remote branches and their commits with ancestry graphs.
  • gbV lists branches with more verbose information about their commits.
  • gbx deletes a branch. (also gbd)
  • gbX deletes a branch irrespective of its merged status. (also gbD)

Commit

  • gc records changes to the repository.
  • gca stages all modified and deleted files.
  • gcm records changes to the repository with the given message.
  • gcS records changes to the repository. (Signed)
  • gcSa stages all modified and deleted files. (Signed)
  • gcSm records changes to the repository with the given message. (Signed)
  • gcam stages all modified and deleted files, and records changes to the repository with the given message.
  • gco checks out a branch or paths to work tree.
  • gcO checks out hunks from the index or the tree interactively.
  • gcf amends the tip of the current branch using the same log message as _HEAD_.
  • gcSf amends the tip of the current branch using the same log message as _HEAD_. (Signed)
  • gcF amends the tip of the current branch.
  • gcSF amends the tip of the current branch. (Signed)
  • gcp applies changes introduced by existing commits.
  • gcP applies changes introduced by existing commits without committing.
  • gcr reverts existing commits by reverting patches and recording new commits.
  • gcR removes the _HEAD_ commit.
  • gcs displays various types of objects.
  • gcsS displays commits with GPG signature.
  • gcl lists lost commits.
  • gcy displays commits yet to be applied to upstream in the short format.
  • gcY displays commits yet to be applied to upstream.

Conflict

  • gCl lists unmerged files.
  • gCa adds unmerged file contents to the index.
  • gCe executes merge-tool on all unmerged file.
  • gCo checks out our changes for unmerged paths.
  • gCO checks out our changes for all unmerged paths.
  • gCt checks out their changes for unmerged paths.
  • gCT checks out their changes for all unmerged paths.

Data

  • gd displays information about files in the index and the work tree.
  • gdc lists cached files.
  • gdx lists deleted files.
  • gdm lists modified files.
  • gdu lists untracked files.
  • gdk lists killed files.
  • gdi lists ignored files.

Fetch

  • gf downloads objects and references from another repository.
  • gfa downloads objects and references from all remote repositories.
  • gfc clones a repository into a new directory.
  • gfcr clones a repository into a new directory including all submodules.
  • gfm fetches from and merges with another repository or local branch.
  • gfr fetches from and rebases on another repository or local branch.

Flow

  • gFi is short for git flow init

Feature

  • gFf is short for git flow feature
  • gFfl is short for git flow feature list
  • gFfs is short for git flow feature start
  • gFff is short for git flow feature finish
  • gFfp is short for git flow feature publish
  • gFft is short for git flow feature track
  • gFfd is short for git flow feature diff
  • gFfr is short for git flow feature rebase
  • gFfc is short for git flow feature checkout
  • gFfm is short for git flow feature pull
  • gFfx is short for git flow feature delete

Bugfix

  • gFb is short for git flow bugfix
  • gFbl is short for git flow bugfix list
  • gFbs is short for git flow bugfix start
  • gFbf is short for git flow bugfix finish
  • gFbp is short for git flow bugfix publish
  • gFbt is short for git flow bugfix track
  • gFbd is short for git flow bugfix diff
  • gFbr is short for git flow bugfix rebase
  • gFbc is short for git flow bugfix checkout
  • gFbm is short for git flow bugfix pull
  • gFbx is short for git flow bugfix delete

Release

  • gFl is short for git flow release
  • gFll is short for git flow release list
  • gFls is short for git flow release start
  • gFlf is short for git flow release finish
  • gFlp is short for git flow release publish
  • gFlt is short for git flow release track
  • gFld is short for git flow release diff
  • gFlr is short for git flow release rebase
  • gFlc is short for git flow release checkout
  • gFlm is short for git flow release pull
  • gFlx is short for git flow release delete

Hotfix

  • gFh is short for git flow hotfix
  • gFhl is short for git flow hotfix list
  • gFhs is short for git flow hotfix start
  • gFhf is short for git flow hotfix finish
  • gFhp is short for git flow hotfix publish
  • gFht is short for git flow hotfix track
  • gFhd is short for git flow hotfix diff
  • gFhr is short for git flow hotfix rebase
  • gFhc is short for git flow hotfix checkout
  • gFhm is short for git flow hotfix pull
  • gFhx is short for git flow hotfix delete

Support

  • gFs is short for git flow support
  • gFsl is short for git flow support list
  • gFss is short for git flow support start
  • gFsf is short for git flow support finish
  • gFsp is short for git flow support publish
  • gFst is short for git flow support track
  • gFsd is short for git flow support diff
  • gFsr is short for git flow support rebase
  • gFsc is short for git flow support checkout
  • gFsm is short for git flow support pull
  • gFsx is short for git flow support delete

Grep

  • gg displays lines matching a pattern.
  • ggi displays lines matching a pattern ignoring case.
  • ggl lists files matching a pattern.
  • ggL lists files that are not matching a pattern.
  • ggv displays lines not matching a pattern.
  • ggw displays lines matching a pattern at word boundary.

Index

  • gia adds file contents to the index.
  • giA adds file contents to the index interactively.
  • giu adds file contents to the index (updates only known files).
  • gid displays changes between the index and a named commit (diff).
  • giD displays changes between the index and a named commit (word diff).
  • gii temporarily ignore differences in a given file.
  • giI unignore differences in a given file.
  • gir resets the current HEAD to the specified state.
  • giR resets the current index interactively.
  • gix removes files/directories from the index (recursively).
  • giX removes files/directories from the index (recursively and forced).

Log

  • gl displays the log.
  • gls displays the stats log.
  • gld displays the diff log.
  • glo displays the one line log.
  • glg displays the graph log.
  • glb displays the brief commit log.
  • glc displays the commit count for each contributor in descending order.
  • glS displays the log and checks the validity of signed commits.

Merge

  • gm joins two or more development histories together.
  • gmC joins two or more development histories together but does not commit.
  • gmF joins two or more development histories together but does not commit generating a merge commit even if the merge resolved as a fast-forward.
  • gma aborts the conflict resolution, and reconstructs the pre-merge state.
  • gmt runs the merge conflict resolution tools to resolve conflicts.

Push

  • gp updates remote refs along with associated objects.
  • gpf forcefully updates remote refs along with associated objects using the safer --force-with-lease option.
  • gpF forcefully updates remote refs along with associated objects using the riskier --force option.
  • gpa updates remote branches along with associated objects.
  • gpA updates remote branches and tags along with associated objects.
  • gpt updates remote tags along with associated objects.
  • gpc updates remote refs along with associated objects and adds _origin_ as an upstream reference for the current branch.
  • gpp pulls and pushes from origin to origin.

Rebase

  • gr forward-ports local commits to the updated upstream head.
  • gra aborts the rebase.
  • grc continues the rebase after merge conflicts are resolved.
  • gri makes a list of commits to be rebased and opens the editor.
  • grs skips the current patch.

Remote

  • gR manages tracked repositories.
  • gRl lists remote names and their URLs.
  • gRa adds a new remote.
  • gRx removes a remote.
  • gRm renames a remote.
  • gRu fetches remotes updates.
  • gRp prunes all stale remote tracking branches.
  • gRs displays information about a given remote.
  • gRb opens a remote on [GitHub][3] in the default browser.

Stash

  • gs stashes the changes of the dirty working directory.
  • gsa applies the changes recorded in a stash to the working directory.
  • gsx drops a stashed state.
  • gsX drops all the stashed states.
  • gsl lists stashed states.
  • gsL lists dropped stashed states.
  • gsd displays changes between the stash and its original parent.
  • gsp removes and applies a single stashed state from the stash list.
  • gsr recovers a given stashed state.
  • gss stashes the changes of the dirty working directory, including untracked.
  • gsS stashes the changes of the dirty working directory interactively.
  • gsw stashes the changes of the dirty working directory retaining the index.

Submodule

  • gS initializes, updates, or inspects submodules.
  • gSa adds given a repository as a submodule.
  • gSf evaluates a shell command in each of checked out submodules.
  • gSi initializes submodules.
  • gSI initializes and clones submodules recursively.
  • gSl lists the commits of all submodules.
  • gSm moves a submodule.
  • gSs synchronizes submodules' remote URL to the value specified in .gitmodules.
  • gSu fetches and merges the latest changes for all submodule.
  • gSx removes a submodule.

Tag

  • gt lists tags or creates tag.
  • gtl lists tags matching pattern.
  • gts creates a signed tag.
  • gtv validate a signed tag.

Working directory

  • gws displays working-tree status in the short format.
  • gwS displays working-tree status.
  • gwd displays changes between the working tree and the index (diff).
  • gwD displays changes between the working tree and the index (word diff).
  • gwr resets the current HEAD to the specified state, does not touch the index nor the working tree.
  • gwR resets the current HEAD, index and working tree to the specified state.
  • gwc removes untracked files from the working tree (dry-run).
  • gwC removes untracked files from the working tree.
  • gwx removes files from the working tree and from the index recursively.
  • gwX removes files from the working tree and from the index recursively and forcefully.

Shadows

The following aliases may shadow system commands:

  • gb shadows the [GB][9].
  • gm shadows the [Graphics Magick image processor][11].
  • gpt shadows the [GUID partition table maintenance utility][4].
  • gs shadows the [Ghostscript interpreter and previewer][5].

If you frequently use the above commands, you may wish to remove said aliases from this module or to disable them at the bottom of the zshrc with unalias.

You can temporarily bypass an alias by prefixing it with a backward slash: \gpt.

Functions

  • git-branch-current displays the current branch.
  • git-commit-lost lists lost commits.
  • git-dir displays the path to the Git directory.
  • git-hub-browse opens the [GitHub][3] repository in the default browser.
  • git-hub-shorten-url shortens [GitHub URLs][10].
  • git-info exposes repository information via the $git\_info associative array.
  • git-root displays the path to the working tree root.
  • git-stash-clear-interactive asks for confirmation before clearing the stash.
  • git-stash-dropped lists dropped stashed states.
  • git-stash-recover recovers given dropped stashed states.
  • git-submodule-move moves a submodule.
  • git-submodule-remove removes a submodule.